Apprehended Violence Orders (AVOs)
An Apprehended Violence Order (AVO) is an Order made by a court against a person who makes you fear for your safety, to protect you from further violence, intimidation or harassment. All Apprehended Violence Orders made by the court prohibit the person who is causing these fears from assaulting, harassing, threatening, stalking, or intimidating you. Other conditions can be included.
The person you fear, known as the defendant, must obey the Order made by the court. You can contact the police to help you apply for an Order, or you can contact your local court for assistance. There are two types of Apprehended Violence Orders:
- Apprehended Domestic Violence Order (ADVO)
An Apprehended Domestic Violence Order is made where the people involved are related, living together or in an intimate relationship, or have previously been in this situation. In the case of an Aboriginal person or Torres Strait Islander, Apprehended Domestic Violence Orders can also be made where the people involved are part of the kin or extended family of the other person. Apprehended Domestic Violence Orders are also available to people who are or have been in a dependent care arrangement with another person, including paid carers, and to people living in the same residential facility.
- Apprehended Personal Violence Order (APVO)
An Apprehended Personal Violence Order is made where the people involved are not related and do not have a domestic relationship, for example, they are neighbours or work together.
Frequently asked questions about AVOs
How do you apply for an Apprehended Violence Order?
You can contact the police and they can make the application for an Apprehended Violence Order on your behalf. A Domestic Violence Liaison Officers (DVLO) can help you throughout this process. DVLOs are police officers who are trained in domestic and family violence, child protection procedures, victim support and court AVO processes.
You can also make an application on your own at your local court if you are 16 years old or older. The court staff must, as a matter of law, allow you to make an application for an Apprehended Domestic Violence Order (ADVO). You should make a note of the court date given to you at the time you make the application.
The application will tell the defendant (the person who is causing fears for your safety) the date and time they have to attend court. The application will be served on the defendant by police. You should know that an application for an Apprehended Personal Violence Order may be refused if the court believes the application is frivolous, vexatious or has no reasonable chance of success. The court may advise you to seek mediation.
For further information, call Law Access NSW on 1300 888 529 or TTY 1300 889 529.
What services are available to help with Apprehended Domestic Violence Orders?
Legal Aid NSW provides a number of services to help with domestic and family violence legal issues.
Women’s Domestic Violence Court Advocacy Services (WDVCASs) are locally-based, independent services for women and children seeking help and information about how to get protection from domestic violence from the courts. There are 28 WDVCASs that service 114 local courts. Find your local WDVCAS online or call Law Access NSW 1300 888 529, TTY 1300 889 529.
The Domestic Violence Practitioner Service (DVPS) funds private lawyers to assist women and children experiencing domestic violence in court proceedings. You can find out more about DVPS locations and services through your local WDVCAS or by calling Law Access NSW 1300 888 529, TTY 1300 889 529.
For information on services see legal and courts help.
Do you need a lawyer?
If the police have applied for an Apprehended Violence Order on your behalf, you do not need a lawyer as the Police Prosecutor will present the matter in court. If you have applied for an Apprehended Violence Order on your own through the Local Court, it is a good idea to get a lawyer to represent you. You can represent yourself if you want to. Legal aid is available in Apprehended Violence Order matters through Legal Aid NSW.
There are also lawyers that can help with domestic violence issues in a number of local courts through the Domestic Violence Practitioner Service (DVPS). These practitioners can be contacted through your local Women’s Domestic Violence Court Advocacy Services. Find your local WDVCAS online or call Law Access NSW 1300 888 529, TTY 1300 889 529.
For more information on services see legal and courts help.
What happens when you go to court?
If the defendant has been served with the application but does not come to court and does not have a good reason for not attending, the court can make an Order in their absence. Sometimes the police are not able to serve the defendant with the application by the time you first go to court. If this happens, your case will be adjourned (postponed) to give the police more time to serve the defendant.
You can ask the court to make an Interim (temporary) Order to protect you during the period of the adjournment. The magistrate may need to hear some evidence from you to make an Interim Order.
Remember, there is help available and you don’t have to go to court on your own. See legal and courts help for more information about services available in NSW.
When can the court make an Order?
The court can make an AVO if:
- the defendant consents to an AVO being made; or
- after hearing evidence the magistrate is satisfied that there are fears for your safety and those fears are reasonable; or
- the defendant has been served but does not show up at court.
The magistrate can make an Apprehended Violence Order if the defendant consents to the Order being made.
The defendant can consent (agree) to the Order being made, without admitting that they have done anything wrong. In this case, your Order will be made that day.
Interim Orders and hearings
If the defendant does not consent to the Apprehended Violence Order, your case will be adjourned for the magistrate to make a decision about whether there are grounds to make the Order. It is important that you ask the court for an Interim (temporary) Apprehended Violence Order to protect you until the hearing.
If your matter is adjourned for hearing, you may be told by the magistrate to supply written statements to the court by a certain date. Directions about these statements will be provided by the court. Your matter will then be listed for mention to see if both you and the defendant have complied with the court’s directions.
If you, the applicant, have failed to comply with these directions the application may be dismissed or the court may order you to file any outstanding statements. If the defendant does not comply with the direction they may not be able to give any evidence at the hearing. If neither of you comply with this direction the application will be dismissed.
Once both you and the defendant have complied with the court’s direction the matter will be listed for hearing. It is important that you attend court for your matter. If you do not attend the application may be dismissed. If the defendant does not attend the Order may be made in their absence.
What happens at a hearing?
The hearing will be based on the evidence contained in the statements unless the court allows additional evidence or evidence to be given verbally. The applicant presents their case first. The defendant or their solicitor will then have the opportunity to ask you and your witnesses questions about your evidence. The defendant then has the opportunity to present their case.
You or your lawyer (or the Police Prosecutor in a police application) will be able to ask the defendant and their witnesses questions about their evidence. It is up to the applicant to prove to the magistrate on balance that an Order should be made.
The defendant does not have to prove than an Order should not be made.
What types of conditions can be put in an Apprehended Violence Order?
If an Order is made, three conditions will always be included. These conditions prohibit the following behaviour:
- Assaulting, molesting, harassing, threatening or interfering with the Protected Person;
- Intimidating the Protected Person; and
- Stalking the Protected Person. Anyone in a domestic relationship with the Protected Person is also protected by these conditions. This may include your children.
Extra conditions may be included in the Order prohibiting the defendant from:
- Approaching the Protected Person;
- Approaching or entering places where the Protected Person may live, work or go to;
- Approaching the Protected Person, or places where the Protected Person may be, after drinking alcohol or taking illegal drugs;
- Damaging property; and/or
- Any other conditions as agreed by both parties or decided by the court.
Property Recovery Orders
If you need to get your personal property if an Apprehended Domestic Violence Order has been made, the court can at the same time make a Property Recovery Order. This should be done on the first date you go to court. A Property Recovery Order allows either you or the defendant to get personal property from premises. The court can order the police to accompany the person recovering property for everyone’s safety.
What are the consequences of an Apprehended Violence Order being made?
When an Apprehended Violence Order is made, the defendant does not get a criminal conviction or a criminal record. The details of the Apprehended Violence Order are kept on a police database and the police will seize any firearms in the defendant’s possession or control.
If the defendant has a firearms licence, the licence is automatically revoked (cancelled) for a period of 10 years. If the Order is revoked, the defendant can get their firearms licence back only if they are considered to be a fit and proper person to have a firearms licence.
What happens if the defendant breaches an Apprehended Violence Order?
An Apprehended Violence Order is a court order. If the defendant breaches a condition of the Order, they may be charged with a criminal offence. You should keep a copy of your Apprehended Violence Order on you at all times and call the police if the defendant breaches any of the conditions listed on it.
How long does an Apprehended Violence Order last?
Your Apprehended Violence Order will last for a certain period of time, for example, two years. Before that period ends, you can apply for an extension of the Order, as long as you still have a reasonable fear of the defendant.
Can you apply to change the conditions on an Apprehended Violence Order?
Yes. If there is a change of circumstances, you can apply to the Local Court or the police to have the Order changed or cancelled.
However, only the police can apply to change or cancel an Order if children are named on it.
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